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Visual Perception/ Visual Motor Integration

Occupational therapists can evaluate Visual Perceptual and Visual Motor Skills using a variety of standardized tests. Visual Perception is the brain’s ability to see and recognize visual input and can be divided into several subcategories. These include:

  • Spatial relationships: This skill set includes the ability to orient one’s body in space, and to perceive the positions of objects in relation to oneself and to other objects. 
  • Visual discrimination: This skill involves the ability to discriminate dominant features of objects such as positions, shapes, forms, colors, and letter-like forms. 
  • Figure-ground: This is a form of visual discrimination that involves the ability to distinguish an object from background or surrounding objects.
  • Visual closure: This is also a form of visual discrimination and involves the ability to perceive a whole figure when only fragments are presented.
  • Visual memory: This skill requires the ability to remember and recognize a stimulus item after a very brief interval. 

Visual Motor Integration is the degree to which visual perception and finger-hand movements are well coordinated. Occupational therapists provide a variety of activities to help develop these skills as they have a great impact on the child’s success in daily living skills and academics.